FCT Project: PTDC/FER-ETC/30378/2017
Grant: € 238.640,50
The right to asylum is lively debated all over Europe. The scope of the duties of assistance is discussed in the public sphere under difficult circumstances. The size of the migratory waves raises fears of cultural conflicts with newcomers; conceptions of national sovereignty that ascribe asymmetrical public duties to citizens and non-citizens aim to put a limit on universal moral duties; the costs of assistance, and the burden that the integration of an ever growing number of asylum-seekers implies, discourage even those who do in principle recognise a primacy of universal individual rights over state power. Facing a continuous flow of asylum seekers traversing the Mediterranean, the European Union is discussing a reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) so as to live up to the potentially conflicting expectations of humanitarian aid and border control. Reform plans include a harmonisation of the standards of assistance, a truly common asylum procedure, and a redistribution of the burdens of assistance among Member States. Philosophers have best chances to give a significant contribution to the debate through a variety of analytical tools. They can rely on the rich literature on the philosophy of migrations seeking a "reflective equilibrium" between different and at times conflicting moral claims, such as universalism on the one hand, and the duties towards our fellow citizens that we take upon us, on the other. They can perform a normative scrutiny of the most common normative arguments that have currency in European public opinions, and give thus useful insights into the plausibility of claims raised in public debates. Last, but not least, they can enrich the well developed normative literature with an overdue empirically informed analysis of the specific dilemmas that face asylum policies in many European countries. Beyond the theoretical dilemma between universalism and states sovereignty, a relationship can be assumed between duties and capacities of assistance. The proposal checks the hypothesis that such a relationship is not only one of mutual limitation: successful integration policies change the context to which normative arguments apply, and widen (or restrict) the scope of integration policies to the extent that states manage to turn the integration of third country nationals into a win-win game between newcomers and citizens in the medium to long term. The proposal checks the hypothesis that the Portuguese decades-long experience of integration of refugees indicates that practices of integration exert an influence on normative intuitions and claims and, recursively, on the practices they inform. The project therefore implements an empirically informed, and therefore interdisciplinary, analysis of integration policies so as to draw more general conclusions concerning our (performable) duties of assistance against the background of the European debate on the reform of CEAS.
Gabriele De Angelis (PI)
Maria Margarida Marques (Co-PI)
Ana Maria Bigotte Vieira
André dos Santos de Campos
Diogo da Nóbrega e Silva
Elizabeth Pilar Challinor
Yvette dos Santos
Maria Irene Aparício
Theory and Practices of Assistance and Reception. Project Research Colloquium, FCSH, 15 September 2018
Universalism or Local Commitmens: A Methodological and Metaethical Approach. EpLab Reading Group/Project Research Colloquium, FCSH, 10 October 2018
The Portuguese Asylum Sysytem: Discussing the Research Design. Project Research Colloquium, FCSH, 20 November 2018
Alois Pichler (University of Bergen)
António Marques, What We Owe to Each Other (excerpt)
Giovanni Damele, "On the Rationality of Democratic Choice"
Erich Rast, "How to accept the transitivity of better than"
Wagner Teles de Oliveira
Maria Filomena Molder
Nuno Venturinha's Description of Situations
Knowledge, Morality and Society
Filipe Faria, "The New Darwinian Naturalism in Political Theory"
Vicente Sanfélix Vidarte (University of Valencia)
Pedro Abreu, "Deliberation and agreement"
Javier de Prado Salas, "Moral Testimony"
Schedule for the 2018/2019 sessions
Giovanni Damele, "Another Italian thought: elite theory and political realism"
Erich Rast, "Value Disagreement and Two Aspects of Meaning"
John Gibbons, "Things That Make Things Reasonable"
Santoni de Sio
Gilbert Harman, "Moral Realism is Moral Relativism"
Berit Brogaard, "Moral Contextualism and Moral Relativism"
Ronald de Sousa, "Moral Emotions"
Uriah Kriegel, "Moral Phenomenology: Foundational issues"
Introduction to "A Treatise of Human Nature", D. Hume
"The Force of Law", F. Schauer
"The Priority of Democracy to Philosophy", R. Rorty
Terry Eagleton - Marx and Morality