The entries of this dictionary, organized alphabetically, seek to cover the fundamental concepts in ethics, political philosophy and philosophy of law. Each entry includes an historical overview of the main theories developed as well as a presentation and discussion of the major contemporary perspectives. It therefore offers to the reader, for each concept covered, both the historical genesis of the problematics as the most relevant areas of debate.
This project - not yet concluded, as more entries will be included – is understood as a dictionary of moral and political philosophy. One could ask why not to follow two dictionaries approach: one of political philosophy and other moral philosophy. This seems to be at least the most common option in what concerns the editions of dictionaries in those areas. The matter is, however, that when one thinks about some of the more fundamental concepts, such a division does not seem possible, or even desirable. Concepts such as autonomy, justice, norm and sovereignty are clear examples of areas where the political and the moral overlap, and where an appropriate political approach becomes impossible without the moral point of view and vice versa.
Given the particular situation of the Portuguese philosophical community, where it does not exist any dictionary of moral and political philosophy for the most part conducted by Portuguese philosophers, this project had precisely as its main objective to address this gap and promote the production of original research in the aforementioned areas. With a view to creating a richer and more stimulating research, and although the majority of researchers are Portuguese, the project had the participation of prestigious Spanish and Brazilian philosophers.
When published, this dictionary intends to become a reference work for the entire philosophical community and for students both at the undergraduate and the postgraduate levels in philosophy, law, political science and communication. But it also seeks to serve the non-academic community. It is noteworthy that many of the philosophical discussions here presented shape many of the public debates concerning matters of great relevance to the lives of citizens, for example, the matters of human rights, ecology, or bioethics. By providing a critical assessment of some of the most decisive theories in fields as different as the welfare state, ecology or the suffrage, this instrument is equally important for readers without a philosophical training.
Erich Rast, "How to accept the transitivity of better than"
Wagner Teles de Oliveira
Maria Filomena Molder
Knowledge, Morality and Society
Filipe Faria, "The New Darwinian Naturalism in Political Theory"
Vicente Sanfélix Vidarte (University of Valencia)
Pedro Abreu, "Deliberation and agreement"
Javier de Prado Salas, "Moral Testimony"
Schedule for the 2018/2019 sessions
Giovanni Damele, "Another Italian thought: elite theory and political realism"
Erich Rast, "Value Disagreement and Two Aspects of Meaning"
John Gibbons, "Things That Make Things Reasonable"
Santoni de Sio
Gilbert Harman, "Moral Realism is Moral Relativism"
Berit Brogaard, "Moral Contextualism and Moral Relativism"
Ronald de Sousa, "Moral Emotions"
Uriah Kriegel, "Moral Phenomenology: Foundational issues"
Introduction to "A Treatise of Human Nature", D. Hume
"The Force of Law", F. Schauer
"The Priority of Democracy to Philosophy", R. Rorty
Terry Eagleton - Marx and Morality