- Martin Fleitas (Universidad de la República - Uruguay), "Notes for a normative-constitutivist approach to the problem of happiness in Kantian ethics"
29 de Novembro, CAN - Sala 209 | 14h00 - 16h00
It is well-known that Kantian ethics maintains several asperities with hedonic (physical or empirical) happiness. In particular, because Kant did not believe that this type of happiness could become a reliable practical guide for the exercise of morality, despite the assumption, as obvious as it may seem, that human beings naturally pursue happiness. Thus, the notion remains conceptually indeterminate: hedonic happiness is an ideal of imagination (and not of reason) defined as “an absolute whole, a maximum of welfare, is required, in my present and in every future condition” (GMS 418), and it allows people to develop a diverse conception of what must be satisfied, and how to do it. Although Kant did not deny the fact that the pursuit of happiness is “a mandate” of reason” (KpV 61), he did not believe that reason could reach such a diffused end, and dependent on the hospitality of nature and other human beings (KU 433). For this reason, he decided to incorporate happiness into his ethical system under intellectual forms, that is, not empirical ones, known as “happiness as merit” (KrV A 809 / B 837) and “moral happiness” (MS 387-388). In this context, my presentation intends to suggest that the moral difficulties that the hedonic happiness causes into the Kantian ethical system could rest on the belief that there is a kind of cognitive irreversibility inherent in the moral perspective that harbours both intellectual versions of happiness. To articulate this suggestion we have to navigate the contemporary discussions that, were built around the sources of moral normativity of Kantian ethics (between projectivism, detectivism and constitutivism) and prove why a constitutive normative approach might be the best option to address the problem of happiness.
Tiago Sousa, "Designs À La Grecque"
L. Miguel Simões, "Political Treatise"
Sílvia Bento, "Freedom as the 'Keystone' to the Vault of…
Ana Falcato, "Shame and Autonomy"
Martín Fleitas, "Kant's Conception of Inner Value"
Martin Fleitas, "Notes for a normative-constitutivist approach to the problem…
An international workshop
Inês Salgueiro, "From Hume to Kant via Wittgenstein"
Sofia Miguens, "I, Me, Mine - Back to Kant, and…
Jeff McMahan - "Future People, Climate Change, and War"
Conferência Internacional THE STATUS OF ACADEMIC FREEDOM
António Marques, "Kant against the Animals"
Olivier Chassaing, "The Expressive Function of Punishment"
Nuria Sánchez Madrid, "Linhas de fuga da comunidade estética e…
Nuria Sánchez Madrid, "Oeuvre de l'Art et Oeuvre d'Art"
Per Algander, "Needing and Necessity"
Regina Queiroz, "European Liberalisms: An Essay in Comparative Political Thought"
Roberto Merrill, " "Ethically justifiable? Free riding versus fair shares"
Dina Mendonça, "Kant on the Moral Cultivation of Feelings"
Jorge Gonçalves, "A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value"
Alois Pichler (University of Bergen)
António Marques, What We Owe to Each Other (excerpt)
Giovanni Damele, "On the Rationality of Democratic Choice"
Erich Rast, "How to accept the transitivity of better than"
Wagner Teles de Oliveira
Nuno Venturinha's Description of Situations
Maria Filomena Molder
Knowledge, Morality and Society
Filipe Faria, "The New Darwinian Naturalism in Political Theory"
Vicente Sanfélix Vidarte (University of Valencia)
Pedro Abreu, "Deliberation and agreement"
Javier de Prado Salas, "Moral Testimony"
Schedule for the 2018/2019 sessions
Giovanni Damele, "Another Italian thought: elite theory and political realism"
Erich Rast, "Value Disagreement and Two Aspects of Meaning"
John Gibbons, "Things That Make Things Reasonable"
Santoni de Sio
Gilbert Harman, "Moral Realism is Moral Relativism"
Berit Brogaard, "Moral Contextualism and Moral Relativism"
Ronald de Sousa, "Moral Emotions"
Uriah Kriegel, "Moral Phenomenology: Foundational issues"
Introduction to "A Treatise of Human Nature", D. Hume
"The Force of Law", F. Schauer
"The Priority of Democracy to Philosophy", R. Rorty
Terry Eagleton - Marx and Morality